Misinformation Dispelled

Recently, Mike from answered a customers question about an excellent youtube video by zerofossilfuel that was full of Mike’s disinformation.  Zero was demonstrating making true colloidal silver using a constant current system with sodium carbonate as an electrolyte and corn syrup as a reducing agent to convert ionic silver to colloidal silver.  This is a tried and true method, and a similar method is used by bonafide lab researchers when researching the properties of silver colloids.

You can see this misinformation post here.

Lets look at the 3 main responses by Lifeforce Mike:

  1. Mike says the bubbles coming off the cathode are from electrolyzing water.  Well Mike, I’m afraid thats not true.  At the cathode, sodium ions are being reduced to sodium metal, but sodium metal reacts violently with water creating sodium hydroxide and hydrogen gas.  This is where the hydrogen comes from. Mike goes on to claim that the yellow color of the colloid comes from silver carbonate, but this is also untrue.  If Lifeforce Mike actually knew his chemistry, he would know that dissolving sodium carbonate in water produces sodium hydroxide and carbonic acid.  But carbonic acid is a weak acid with a kA (acid dissociation constant )of about 4.3X10-7. That means that only 1 out of 2.2 million carbonic acid molecules dissociate into ions, whereas all of the sodium remains as ions.  IE:  There are 2.2 million times more hydroxide ions than carbonate ions.  So the amount of silver carbonate created is negligible
  2. Next, Lifeforce Mike goes on to say that the Karo corn syrup together with the sodium carbonate make sodium gluconate.  This is also untrue, as all sodium compounds in water totally dissociate.  What does happen is that the sodium hydroxide from hydrolyzing the sodium carbonate converts the glucose molecule from a ring structure to a linear structure activating it as a reducing agent for silver.  Mike goes on to say now that the sugar caramelizes which causes the yellow color in the solution.  Of course, this is easily disproven simply by mixing the sodium carbonate and Karo to see if it turns yellow…. it does not.  I guess Mike is too lazy to test that.
  3. Mike goes on to criticize Zero for not using the Tyndall test to see if a colloid was produced.  Zero did not have to do this test because he already knew what he had made, as he had followed the scientific method of producing it.  Also, a strong positive Tyndall effect is not really desirable.  The Tyndall effect shows large particles, large enough to reflect light.  Silver nanoparticles are much smaller than light waves and hence do not reflect light.  So a positive Tyndall means the particles are not small enough to be therapeutically effective.  Silver nanoparticles instead exhibit the Plasmon Resonance effect which makes them filter out light of a specific frequency, normally blue light.  This leave red and green which the eye sees as yellow color.Mike yet makes another mistake by saying that ionic silver is tasteless while silver nanoparticles taste metallic.  The human tongue’s taste buds are sensitive only to ions and very small proteins.   Being much larger than ions or proteins, silver nanoparticles cannot trigger taste buds, and therefore are tasteless.Mike’s last bone of contention is that ZeroFossil used 0.999 pure silver instead of 0.9999.  Mike thinks this bad because of the possible contaminants in 0.999 silver.  The truth is that any contaminants caused by the 0.999 silver will be in the parts per billion range, which is far purer than any drinking water, and is absolutely no health hazard.  There is nothing wrong with using 0.9999 purity silver, but there is also no need to worry about it.

In summation, Lifeforce Mike is a good example of how a little knowledge without understanding is a bad thing.

In 2008, I started the colloidal silver forum to combat the plethora of misinformation about colloidal silver which pollutes the internet.  It seems to be a losing battle.

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How Colloidal Silver Works, The Unified Theory

Copyright (c) by W. G. Peters, 2015

The effectiveness of silver nanoparticles (colloidal silver) has been proven many times in the laboratory, and a rich history of use. But how it works has mostly remained a mystery. Researchers tend to look at specific aspects of the action that silver nanoparticles have on pathogens, but don’t take a step back and look at the broader picture. This is colloquially known as not being able to see the forest for the trees.

An example is the in-vitro research using ionic silver solutions to kill ecoli bacteria. The effect of the silver solution is quite good at killing the ecoli in the test medium. However, other researchers have proven that ionic silver is very susceptible to being reduced to metallic silver simply by the respiration byproducts (exudate) of ecoli bacteria. IE: The ionic silver is converted to metallic silver nanoparticles before it actually contacts the bacteria. So while it is true that the ionic silver killed the ecoli, it was converted to metallic silver beforehand by the very bacteria which it killed.

So this is an attempt to see the forest without being blinded by the trees.


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A Truly Vorpal Anode….

This is a picture of the largest Anode available from an electroplating supplier.

The anode is approximately four feet long and three inches wide, and is a dog-bone cross-section (that is, the edges are swollen to give a more even erosion pattern in use). The anode weighs 5.256 kg which is approximately eleven and a half pounds avoirdupois, or, if you want to be pedantic, just over fourteen Troy pounds. It is made of solid .999 fine Silver.

There is a metal 1-foot ruler beside it at the base for comparison.

I thought you might like to see a picture of it, before it went to the buyer. At current prices, I am told it cost £2092 plus tax (USD 3,115). The tax added another £420 (USD 625). It would be interesting to work out how many litres of CS it would make.


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Effectiveness of CS against Athlete’s Foot (Tinea Pedis)

I had a bad case of Athlete’s Foot a couple of days ago. Unfortunately I didn’t get any photos, because ISO and CS killed it stone dead before I thought of taking any pictures.

It started as a stinging sensation in the crease under the left little toe. I didn’t bother looking at it for one day, as I assumed, quite wrongly, that it would go by itself. The stinging was much worse by the time I came home on the second day after symptoms appeared. The skin was white, soft and loose. I pulled at the skin and it came off, together with quite a bit of the underlying tissue, leaving a red, raw and slightly bleeding area. It was hurting quite badly by then, and the foot was swollen and starting to show bacterial infection, with a perfect semi-circular radius of redness, which indicated a bacterial infection in the deeper tissues.

It was time to get rid of it; I was particularly concerned about the redness and swelling, typical of bacterial infection. It was also stinging like hell, and had started to spread to the next toe. As I normally don’t get this sort of problem and we had just moved into a new home, I started to think it had come from the stone floors in the kitchen and bathroom, possibly left there by the younger teenage children of the previous occupants.

We didn’t have any “proper” antifungal medication, and I was unwilling to leave it even a day longer. I made two wedges of tissue from toilet paper, wedged them inbetween the toes, and poured CS (suger-reduced) onto the tissue until the tissue wedges were sodden. Drinking about 150 mls of CS (S) for good measure and wearing a clean sock to keep the wet tissue in place, I went to sleep. The next morning, the stinging was completely gone – which rather surprised me. I poured ISO (Ionic Silver Oxide) onto the foot and let it dry for the daytime, and repeated the treatment the next night.

It was now Saturday morning, and I picked off the remaining dead skin, and the skin in the “wound” looked soft, clean and non-stinging. I have never seen a blister (I would classify it as a sort of raw blister in terms of tissue damage) heal so fast. The bacterial-type redness had gone.

Another success for CS, both CS(S) and ISO. As a female acquaintance had killed her Candida infection this way, I wasn’t surprised by the success, but I was pleased at the speed of resolution. I commend it to the readership.

I have just finished steam-cleaning the stone floors in the house…

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Caveat – bear in mind that the results are anecdotal, sample size of one, and may have been affected by the placebo effect. However…

13.00hrs Friday July 4th 2014 – Consumed hot chicken salad in the work canteen and noticed that the chicken seemed very uncooked. Ate it anyway. (You tend to do that, if you are good at making CS).

22.50hrs Friday July 4th 2014 – Severe stomach pains. Assumed chicken was the cause, drank 200 mls CS (all CS doses were 20 ppm Cinnamon-reduced). Went to sleep.

06.30hrs Saturday July 5th 2014 – Stomach pain only slightly reduced, drank another 200 mls, went to work. Three other colleagues were off work sick with a stomach bug. Same pain during the day, no diarrhoea or vomiting, didn’t feel like eating much and went home normal time. 19.00 hrs ate a normal meal. Drank a litre of plain water during the day (Should have been more). Another 200 mls CS mid-morning.

08.00hrs Sunday July 6th 2014 – Stomach pain now diminishing rapidly, and felt to be much lower down the intestine. One stool passed, normal consistency. Only medically-interesting incident was that urine was very dark yellow and seemed cloudy. Kept up the higher-than-normal intake of water. Other urinations were normal in amount and colour, but more in frequency due to higher water consumption.

Monday 7th july 2014 – no symptoms, one colleague still off work today.


No sickness, no diarrhoea (at all). I normally take the CS much earlier (when I notice any stomach pain) in which case the pain and symptoms normally disappear within an hour. Not a bad result. I take at least 2 x 500ml bottles of CS on holiday with me for this purpose.

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Factors Affecting Turbidity in Sugar-Reduced CS

I had noticed some time ago, that a few of my production batches of sugar-reduced CS were slightly turbid. Some were not; bizarrely the clearest and most perfect lack of turbidity came from the two batches I made using water that was less-than-optimum (to say the least) that is, the rainwater batch (30 ppm) and the dehumidifier water batch (20 ppm). The absolute crystal clarity of these two batches, made casually and without much thought, lead me to this experiment.

I am making successive batches, all aiming for 20 ppm, with small electrodes (to start with) and a CC of 9 mA. in a DW volume of 350 mls. I am changing the amount of syrup, the drops of Sodium Hydroxide (readers should substitute Sodium Carbonate if desired for greater safety) and the heat used in the manufacture of each batch. I shall comment on the turbidity or otherwise of each finished batch. I hope that I shall find only one significant variable, but I wish to document all batches. Others may comment as desired on suggested combinations.

Temp                                  NaOH 1M drops             Drops of Syrup            Turbidity

Control (Heat/No Syrup)             2                                       0                         Clear

Ambient < T < 60 C                      2                                       1                          V. Clear

70 Deg C                                         4                                        1                          Almost None (Product was already yellow from heat)

Ambient (cold)                              4                                   (trace)                      Clear

70 Deg C (V large anode)             4                                        2                          Clear

70 Deg C (small anode)                1                                   (trace)                      Visibly turbid

I have come to the following conclusions:

1) The amount of syrup is almost irrelevant, even the smallest amount works. I cannot work out what is happening chemically, as this is not a logical conclusion; however it would appear that there is some form of catalytic reaction (?) but would welcome comments from others.

2) The best results come from adding sufficient electrolyte to bring the current into the CC zone. Fortunately, this also means the final strength can be accurately calculated (unless one is fortunate enough to possess a SilverTron).

3) It is better to add the syrup at the end of the run.

4) It is better to use heat as well as syrup/glucose/fructose. The heat does not have to be boiling, 70 Deg C is adequate, but should be sustained for a sufficient length of time to ensure full reduction.

5) Both syrup and Cinnulin do not require heat to work, if energy consumption/cost is a factor.

6) The best results were from the fifth run, but the fourth was virtually as good. I suspect the amperage, amount of syrup and production temperature are not critical factors.

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About Argyria

Reposted from the Colloidal Silver Forum

Argyria is the gray/blue discoloration of the skin caused by the ingestion of certain types of silver preparations. According to studies done with electron microscopes, the blue/gray color is the result of silver compounds within the cells. The silver compounds inside the cell have been determined to be silver sulfide (sulfur) and silver selenide (selenium).

The major types of silver are metallic or ionic.

Ionic silver means the silver exists as a soluble compound with other substances, like oxides, chlorides, nitrates, citrates, acetates, etc. In its ionic state, the silver has a positive electric charge because it has donated an electron to the other part of the compound. Not all silver compounds are soluble, and therefore are not ionic. Insoluble compounds are not ionic. Silver sulfide for example is a silver compound that is not water soluble and therefore not ionic in water.

Metallic silver is a cluster of individual silver atoms about 15 billionths of a meter in diameter, and carries no net electric charge because it has not given any electrons away. However, it has an effective negative charge because its electrons are on the surface of the atoms. Opposite electric charges attract to each other, while like electric charges repel.

This difference in electric charge is very important in understanding how argyria occurs. Human cells require certain ions for life, like sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium etc. Human cells carry a negative electric charge on their surface which attracts positively charged ions like sodium and potassium to their surface where they are ingested through special pores on the cell wall. Metallic silver particles are repelled by cell walls, so it is not possible for metallic silver to enter a cell and be trapped inside. Also, metallic silver particles are at least 50 times larger than an ion, and as such are far too large to enter through the cells’s pores.

Many purveyors of colloidal silver say that ionic silver cannot cause argyria because ions are the smallest size and cannot get ‘stuck’ within cells. The fallacy of this argument is that it assumes that the silver ion remains an ion, but this is untrue. Once inside the cell, the silver ions combine with sulfur inside the cell and become insoluble silver sulfide, or combine with selenium and become insoluble silver selenide. These silver compounds are very stable and there is no way for them to leave the cell.

So, ionic silver is attracted to cell walls, and will enter them the same way that the essential metal ions like sodium and potassium. Once inside, they chemically react with any sulfur or selenium in the cell and become insoluble. At that point they are stuck with no way out. As more silver becomes trapped, it begins to color the cell the characteristic blue/gray hue that Paul Karason is famous for.

Granted, it takes a long time and a lot of silver to make your skin turn blue. This is because most of the ionic silver is absorbed by the cells of a person’s internal organs long before it gets to the skin. However, it is cumulative, and builds up slowly. The first place it becomes visible is the whites of the eyes and the fingernails. Also, most of the silver which escapes being quickly absorbed by the cells of the digestive tract and liver will soon be converted to metallic silver by the glucose and other antioxidant chemicals in the blood. However, some remains as free ions circulating with the blood, and ends up in skin cells. It is the ionic silver which has been converted in the body to metallic which becomes effective against pathogens. This has been proved by electron microscope studies of metallic silver attacking bacteria.

Bacteria carry a positive electric charge, which is how they are able to enter and infect cells. This positive charge makes them attracted to metallic silver particles. When they come into contact, the difference in electric field between the two burns a hole in the cell wall of the bacteria, effectively killing it. Therefore, it would be wise to avoid ionic silver and use only metallic silver.

To tell whether your silver is metallic or ionic is very simple. Ionic silver is clear like plain water, and has a metallic taste. Metallic silver is yellow colored and is tasteless.

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The Difference Between .999 & .9999 Silver

A lot of people are a little bemused by the propensity for some CS manufacturing websites who say that they “Only Use .9999 Fine Silver” and how only the higher grade is any good. This is what Jason Hommel (a Silver Bullion dealer) has to say about the difference between .999 and .9999 fine Silver:

“Ah, here’s another little gem for the silver bugs.  There is no discernible difference between .999 silver and .9999 silver.  I finally have several sources that back up my statement.  First, in any melt bucket, all the impurities in the silver will rise to the top, and can be skimmed or blasted off of the top of the molten silver. But the melt bucket does not refine the silver, that’s done through electrolysis. It’s therefore the same process for .999 and .9999 silver.  The difference is only in the label and the marketing, in my expert, well researched opinion.  I have tested .999 silver on an x-ray fluorescence tester, and it reads out at .9999 fine.  I have asked several mints and refiners and industry experts all the same question, and they all say the same thing, they don’t know of any difference between .999 vs. .9999 silver, because of all the same reasons, because it’s all the same process, except for the final stamp at the end of the line.  Maybe .9999 silver is more fraudulent, because they are overselling their product?  Maybe .9999 silver becomes .999 silver if you contaminate it with a thumbprint?  But the melt bucket does not care or distinguish between 999 silver vs. 9999.  I am open to the possibility that I’m wrong, but so far, I have not seen any measurable difference between 999 vs 9999 labelled silver.”

DON’T BOTHER buying .9999 fine Silver for your Anodes. Use .999 fine; it’s perfectly good. There are more impurities in the Distilled Water than the difference between the two grades of metal.

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The Prepper Notes

A growing number of people consider that “Prepping” (as Americans put it) is an advisable policy; preparing beforehand for some foreseeable but hopefully-unlikely disaster, so that one’s family can survive that disaster in reasonable shape. Even the British government, not known since WWII for its’ caring attitude to the man in the street, advises us to have two weeks’ worth of food and money in the home.

As it is likely that a Government would be under some pressure to bring back a civilised way of life in a reasonably short time, a family would need to be able to endure a true “Survival Phase” of maybe two weeks or so, but there would then be a phase of a few months, which we might refer to as the “Aftermath Phase” where everyone gets back to their normal state…

…of being kept in the metaphorical dark by TPTB and fed on Panem et Circenses by the government.

Whether this would involve TPTB hoping for a thinning-out of so-called useless eaters, I do not know, but anyone who reads this forum and blog does not come into that category. Everyone has their favorite list of facilities, preparations and contents for their bug-out bag, but while I’m not actually going into any lists here (there’s plenty on the Internet), I would hope that everyone would have a CS-making kit with them for the “Aftermath Phase”, when disease may be an issue.

Waterborne disease is always going to be a problem if the mains water supply is not available. Most flooding events in the UK have also involved the sewerage system lifting the manholes in the road, causing raw sewage to mix with surface water, contaminating all water sources which are not sealed from the environment.

So, you’ve got your battery powered CS generating gear. I am deeply grateful that mine’s a SilverTron:

SilverTron Store

although a CST4 battery-powered CS generator from GoodVitality would do:

GoodVitality CST4 CS-Making Machine

and you could make your own very basic version, from the instructions here:

Kephra’s Articles – CS Production Part II

You will certainly have your pure Silver electrode(s). They will be .999 fine; DON’T bother paying for .9999 fine; and some 9V PP3 batteries. You will have a small quantity of cinnamon powder, a bottle of Vodka (good for trading or fire-lighting as well as making cinnamon tincture), a bottle of Sodium Hydroxide or Sodium Carbonate and a bottle of Karo Corn Syrup (USA/CAN) or Golden Syrup (UK).

Excellent; now all we need is some unpolluted, clean distilled water in a sealed container…

Um; perhaps I could distill my own water. Now where is my mains distiller? I’ll just plug it in…

How about that bottle of dehydrated water that Mr Snake-oil sold me; he said it only needed to be rehydrated with some distilled …


All the answers boil down (excuse the pun) to a supply of water clean enough to use for CS-making. I came to this conclusion a while ago, and made sure that I always keep 250 litres of distilled water on hand in my home. It is very expensive bottled water if used for drinking, but I don’t think I would care, if the time came. It will last me and my wife for about four weeks if we had nothing else, and could be used straight out of the sealed plastic bins to make any version of CS. However, suppose we didn’t have this?

Most homes have a water-tank, but this is “contaminated” with chlorine, so although it can be used for drinking-water, it cannot be used for making CS. I can see at least three other sources of reasonably good water in or around my home, that are fairly pure without needing to be distilled, and which are not likely to be badly contaminated. My rainwater butts collect rainwater from my roof, and the dust (and any radio-active particles) settle out in the first water-butt. The overflow goes into the second water-butt, and this would be perfectly good for drinking-water, straight from the water-butt tap. Better, but available in smaller volumes, melted ice from the freezer would puddle in the bottom of the cabinet if the mains failed. Even better still, my dehumidifiers collect water that is almost distilled-quality, condensed from water vapour in the air. (Homes in the USA might consider collecting the distillate from any air-conditioners, allowing any overflow to run away to the drain. This water is made by the same process as a dehumidifier, and would be of an equivalent purity if kept in a covered tank).

Could these be used for making CS? If it is possible, the end-product would be self-sterilising.

I took 350 mls of rainwater and 350 mls of condensate from my dehumidifier. I tested the water samples with a TDS meter and the rainwater came out at 28 uS, the dehumidifier water tested at 8 uS. I thought this would be too high for use as CS feedwater, and was quite disappointed by the dehumidifier sample. As a dehumidifier makes water by condensing water vapour, I had hoped for a better TDS result.

However, I hooked up the CS machine to make sugar-reduced hot CS (perhaps you will allow the use of hot water for the purpose of this experiment). After electrolysing the dehumidifier water for approximately 11 minutes and the rainwater for about 15 minutes at about 10 mA (I let the rainwater overcook a bit), I took a wooden stirrer (from Starbucks) with a faint smear of Golden Syrup on the end, and immersed it into the hot water.

The rainwater was a bit over-cooked, around 30 ppm, but the colour of both samples was perfect, with zero turbidity and crystal clear deep yellow (for the dehumidifier water) and light brown (for the rainwater).

I MUST STRESS that this is an emergency technique for use when distilled or de-ionised water is not available. You should ALWAYS use distilled or de-ionised water when it is obtainable. However, I was pleasantly surprised by the results, which I will use with confidence.


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The Historical Use of Silver Salts and Colloidal Silver


These notes are paraphrased from a pre-WWII copy of Materia Medica and Therapeutics by Blumgarten, pub 1935, 6th Edition.

I have only altered terminology to make it clear what they were saying to a lay audience, I have NOT altered any dosages. EXTREME CAUTION should be used in experimenting with any of these notes in a practical way; remember that the science of Medicine was almost in the stone age in 1935, (and some would say that parts of it still is). However, doctors were freer to experiment, and less likely to be sued, so information tended to be recorded if it was possibly of use in treating patients; but they knew very little compared with the vast body of clinical knowledge accumulated since.

This was especially the case with the medical knowledge obtained during WWII by both the US, UK and the Germans. If you have had a piece of intestine removed due to traumatic injury, the doctor only knew how much he could cut away due to the experience obtained during WWII. There were also heart surgeons in the US Army 2nd Auxiliary Surgical Group, who, because they had no option but to try to operate on soldiers shot in the chest, even removed bullets from the ventricles of living hearts, with some success!


The death camps, particularly, added a unique and valuable resource which can never be repeated, especially with regard to the use of Vitamins in high dosages. For that, we must have the most profound respect for the terrible involuntary sacrifice made by the concentration camp inmates.

The information below is given strictly for the purpose of curiosity. Please add other information if you find any from other sources. [Blogger’s notes are in square brackets].


Page 65 – 68:
Colloidal Silver is mentioned here in some detail. The form used is described as “mild Silver protein” and are considered to be mild antiseptics and germicides, used for irrigation, and “locally” [externally] and on mucous membranes of the nose, throat, eyes and genito-urinary tract as antiseptics. They are all said to be especially effective against gonorrhoea. The concentrations given range from 5 % to 50 % [and as such are almost guaranteed to give some degree of Argyria if used internally or on internal mucous membranes]. There are a number of versions described, and most are said to be “soothing and not irritating to the tissues”. Other versions are described as Silver Oxide, Iodide and suspended in albumin, proteins [unspecified] and gelatin. None of the descriptions give details of manufacture. Some of the more interesting descriptions are given below, together with their proprietary names.

Argyrol is described as a mixture of Silver Oxide and protein, in percentages between 20 % – 25 % of Silver, re-diluted to make a 10 % – 25 % solution, and it is stated that it stains linen dark brown.

Argyn: “A colloidal compound of Silver Oxide and albumin, containing 20 – 30 % of Silver”.

Cargentos: This is said to be a 50 % albuminous solution of Silver with casein. It is “used as an antiseptic, in the form of tablets, vaginal tampons, dusting powder, ointment or suppositories”.

Neosilvol: [For some reason, the previous owner of my copy of this book has put a pencil tick by this name. I can only guess that she must have used this particular product successfully, but I cannot be sure, of course]. It is said to be a colloidal combination of 20 % Silver Iodide and a protein, re-diluted the same way as Argyrol [10 % – 25 % solution].

Collene: This is tantalisingly described as a colloidal Silver salt in permanent suspension. It is not irritating and does not discolour the skin. It is used “in full strength” [unspecified].

Collargol: This is described as 78 % – 85 % Silver [It must have looked a bit like Mercury! – or more likely a deep brown colour] and it is stressed in the book that this contains a larger proportion of metallic silver and less of Silver combined with protein. It is described as a solution of very finely divided Silver in albumin, containing about 85 % Silver. The book states three times that this product is often given by direct injection into the blood [intravenously] as an antiseptic and also used locally [externally]. The dosage for intravenous use is given as being between 1:500 to ½ % solution, for use against sepsis. [This would seem to equate to between 1560 – 1700 ppm up to 3900 – 4250 ppm, which is impossible with our electrolytic methods, and again also very likely to cause Argyria, although a bit less likely than with an equivalent concentration of IS]. There is also a mention of the product being given by mouth at a dosage of 0.06 gm [1 grain or about three drops. I have heard of this product or something very similar being used intravenously for the treatment of Cholera and Typhoid during WWI]. This product was also given in the form of suppositories, pessaries and as a dusting powder.

Collargol Ointment: described as 15 % Collargol in an unspecified ointment base, rubbed into the skin in cases of mastitis.

Page 95:
In the event of poisoning by Silver Nitrate, the suggested treatment was to wash out the stomach and give Sodium Chloride as an antidote [turning the Silver salt into Silver Chloride]. It notes that a symptom of Silver Nitrate poisoning is a burning pain in the mouth, with the lining of the mouth being covered in a greyish-white membrane.

It states that Silver has been used for centuries, esp by the “Arabians” [sic] for use against nervous diseases. Silver was associated with the Moon, hence the other common name for Silver Nitrate, Lunar Caustic.

Silver Nitrate is used to “check excessive granulation tissue and to contract the mucous membranes of the eye, nose and mouth when they are inflamed. The salts of silver are particularly valuable in the treatment of gonorrhoeal infections. They destroy the gonococci, the bacteria which cause the disease”.

Argyria is mentioned, and described as “Chronic Silver Poisoning” caused by prolonged use of Silver salts. It comments that Potassium Iodide is given to relieve the condition, “but it is not very effective, however”.

Page 96:
Silver Nitrate is used in 1 – 2 % solutions in the eyes of infants to prevent gonorrhoeal opthalmia. For treatment of gonorrhoea, is it used in weaker solutions, between 1:10000 and 1:1000. Silver Nitrate is said to form an explosive compound with Tannic acid [so don’t mix it in your tea].

Reference is made to the use of Lunar Caustic on small sticks with Silver Nitrate like a match-head.

Silver Citrate is referred to as a non-irritating antiseptic, used in solutions of 1:4000 to 1:10000 for injections into the urethra and cavities [unknown definition of cavities].

Silver Lactate is used for disinfecting purposes in solutions of 1:100 to 1:2000 [external surfaces or the skin?]

Page 556:
A 1% solution of Argyrol is suggested for injection into the urinary tract as a urinary antiseptic for the treatment of gonorrhoea and cystitis. Also Silver Nitrate in dilutions of 1:1000 – 1:10000 solution for gonorrhoea.

Page 600:
Under Arsenic preparations given for the treatment of Syphilis, it mentions Silver Arsphenamine (Silver Salvarsan) as being better than Arsenic by itself, the dosage quoted is 0.1 – 0.3 grams dissolved in 5 c.c. of warm distilled water, given intravenously or intramuscularly into a deep muscle. There is a warning that overdose may cause poisonous symptoms such as Argyria and swelling.

There is also a note that the Jarish-Herxheimer reaction may occur due to the excessive release of dead spirochaete toxins, which may develop a day or two after injection. The symptoms given are:
1) A rash which becomes markedly reddened and “all the constitutional symptoms become markedly accelerated”.
2) Headache.
3) Nausea & vomiting.
4) There is a rise in temperature.
In the event of arsenic poisoning, it indicates that the antidote is Sodium Thiosulphate, given intravenously in doses of 0.6 – 1.0 gm.

[Blogger’s note: None of these dosages seem remotely practical or necessary with CS as we make it today. They also seem almost guaranteed to give rise to cases of Argyria. I particularly would avoid the use of Silver Nitrate, as in addition to the high risk of Argyria, the product can be very corrosive. The use of Silver Citrate, Iodide and Lactate as sterilising antiseptics for use on floors and kitchen surfaces is of some interest, but I would rather use CS reduced with fructose or glucose for this purpose. This is a collection of historical notes for preservation for the future, as we never know if the information may one day become useful, even if only as background information, but I WOULD NOT USE ANY OF THIS INFORMATION FOR LIVE MEDICAL USE. I also must re-iterate that I am not a doctor, nor do I suggest the use of any of this information as a treatment for any ailment or disease. If you are unwell, I would suggest that a medical professional, practised under modern medical training, is of more immediate use, and must suggest that you seek qualified professional medical advice if you feel unwell. Although the medical practitioners of yesteryear were undoubtedly doing their best, even the most casual reading of the Materia Medica cannot but give concerns as to how primitive the practise of medicine was in those days.]

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